The Church of Santa Teresa dei Maschi (St. Theresa of the Males) is dedicated to Saint Theresa of Avila. It was built at the behest of the Discalced Carmelites in a strategic location in the old town of Bari, near the Cathedral, between what today are the streets called Strada della Torretta, Strada Santa Teresa dei Maschi, and Vico Maurelli. The chosen area was situated half way between the Cathedral of St. Sabinus and the Basilica of St. Nicholas, and became the third largest religious centre and urban agglomeration point of the city. The church was built at the back of the namesake monastery between 1690 and 1696 (the latter date is inscribed in the dedicatory epigraph on the façade, above the marble entrance portal).
The church is of Baroque influence and, by far, one of the most stunning and evocative churches of the old town, with its grand scale, majestic façade, and monumental extrados ribbed dome, now an intrinsic part of the Bari skyline. The coat of arms of the church founders, the Carmelites, sits above the broken pediment of the entrance portal that is accessed via a six-step semi-circular staircase. From here, the tripartite façade rises, displaying Doric pilasters in the lower part and Ionic ones in the upper. A dynamic frame adorned with triglyphs and metopes separates the two sections. A lantern surmounts the majestic dome that is also punctuated by pilasters. The bell tower is stockier and lower than the dome, and stands next to it.
The church interior has a Greek-cross plan. It is embellished with paintings credited to Andrea Miglionico, himself a member, for a few years, of the in-situ Brotherhood of the Most Holy Mother of God and of St. Theresa. The church houses the statues of the Paschal Mystery of the Church of the Vallisa that are carried in procession on Good Friday, on even years, alternating with those belonging to the nearby church of San Gregorio which are carried on odd years.
The church is called "…of the Males" to distinguish the new church from a pre-existing one that had already been dedicated to St. Theresa of Avila and run by the Discalced Carmelites, referred to as the Church of St. Theresa of the Females, located in Piazza San Pietro.
Today, the church hosts the chapel choir Cappella Musicale Santa Teresa dei Maschi, and opens its doors for cultural and recreational events.